“The Second Stage of the Extension Project of Hemudu Historical and Cultural Site Museum” (1998)
Hemudu Historical and Cultural Site, an ancient site of the Neolithic Age (in about 7,000 years ago), has the remains of paddy and wood-structured architecture, which reveals the origin of paddy agriculture in the world and the origin of crisscross wood poles which is particular in the regions around the Pacific ocean. Therefore it is of great significance in the researches on the origin of civilization in Southeast Asia and the spread of agricultural civilization around the Pacific. It is among the second group of “historical and cultural heritage sites placed under special state protection” proclaimed by the State Council in 1982.
This project is to design for the restoration of a part of the prehistoric tribe in the drainage area of the lower reaches of the Changjiang River. It is an ideal project which involves the prehistoric tribe study and ethno-archeology and requires the combination of architectural history study and design of cultural relics exhibition.
The following shows the innovation of this project:
Starting from the concepts of tribe forms in the study of history of human civilization, we collect, analyze and study relative data following the guidance of architectural history, anthropology and archeology, make intensive research on Hemudu historical and cultural site from the perspective of historical environment, religion, trade and communication, war and defense, political structure, family structure, and convention, and design for the restoration of a part of the prehistoric tribe in the drainage area of the lower reaches of the Changjiang River, according to the description of the relics in the archeological report.
Ethno-archeology is applied in the intensive field study and ethnological research on … architecture. Analysis on architectural material, technology, craft, and instrument is based on the archeological data of the cultural site, thus raises the scientific value of the design of the restoration of crisscross wood poles in Hemudu historical and cultural site.
The value of this project lies both in the innovation in the exhibition project of prehistoric cultural sites and in the promotion of interaction between protection and historical study of architectural relics.